Registration via LPIS
|Wednesday||10/08/14||06:15 PM - 08:45 PM||D4.0.039|
|Wednesday||10/29/14||06:15 PM - 07:15 PM||D4.0.039|
|Wednesday||11/05/14||06:15 PM - 08:45 PM||D4.0.039|
|Wednesday||11/12/14||07:15 PM - 08:45 PM||D4.0.039|
|Wednesday||11/19/14||06:15 PM - 08:45 PM||D4.0.039|
|Wednesday||11/26/14||06:15 PM - 08:45 PM||D4.0.039|
|Wednesday||12/03/14||06:15 PM - 08:45 PM||D4.0.039|
|Saturday||12/06/14||11:00 AM - 04:00 PM||D4.0.133|
|Wednesday||12/10/14||06:15 PM - 08:45 PM||D4.0.039|
This course will present main approaches in the philosophy of science of the 20th century.
Some perennial problems concerning the possibility of justifying scientific claims will be presented and discussed ,above all the explication of the concept of 'causality'. We will consequently begin with David Hume's sceptical doubts concerning the operations of the human understanding, next we will move on to John Stuart Mill's distinction between necessary and sufficient conditions. The final part of this course will be devoted to the idea of a 'logical reduction' ' defended by Logical Empiricism, the so called "the problem of the empirical basis", and Karl Popper's idea of falsifiability as a demarcation line between science and pseudo-science.
Participants of this course are supposed to get familiar with the nature of scientific knowledge; i.e. what is to be acquired is knowledge about what distinguishes scientific claims from (mere) opinions, metaphysical statements or assertions of faith;
At the end of this course one ought to be able to analyse and evaluate the most influential approaches of the philosophy of science and the ways in which the following questions have been pursued:
(i) what is the potential support of a scientific claim?
(ii) what are the ways in which scientific claims could be used in order to formulate predictions?
(iii) in which way does the formulation of a hypothesis depend on (i) and (ii)?
It is essential for following this course to understand and appreciate the dilemmas involved in pursuing scientific questions.
Requirements and Assessment
- A set of questions will be distributed every time in class; the questions are based on the argument structure of the class: 15%
- Class participation in general: 15%
- Final exam: 70 %
Intro to class, administrative details, course overview;
The questions we will pursue are:
A) ARGUMENT, PROOF, VALIDITIY
What is an argument?, What is meant by "deduction"?, What are examples of fallacies?;
B) THE CIRCLE OF INDUCTION
C) JOHN STUART MILL, CAUSAL RELATIONS, NECESSARY AND SUFFICIENT CONDITIONS
D) LOGICAL EMPIRICISM AND THE CONDITIONS OF THE POSSIBILITY TO SHOW THAT A THEORY HAS AN EMPIRICAL CONTENT
E) THE PRINCIPLE OF FALSIFIABILITY - "KRITISCHER RATIONALISMUS"
F) THE PRINCIPLE OF FALSIFIABILITY - "KRITISCHER RATIONALISMUS"
1. Karl Popper's principle of falsifiability
2. Lakatos criticism, falsifiability vs. falsification,
|8||10.12.2014||Final exam 2hrs.|