Some perennial problems concerning the possibility of justifying scientific claims will be presented; the concept of "causality" will be explicated, analysed and discussed; the consequences approaches in the philosophy of science have been drawn from these discussions will be pursued.
So we will begin with David Hume's treatment of causality in his "Sceptical doubts concerning the operations of the human understanding". Next, we will move on to John Stuart Mill’s conception of causality (i.e. his distinction between "necessary and sufficient conditions") in his "Logic". The final part of this course will be devoted to the more modern ideas concerning causality.