1878 Empirical Quantitative Research
Dr. Katharina Gabriela Pfaff
Contact details
  • Type
  • Weekly hours
  • Language of instruction
09/06/21 to 09/27/21
Registration via LPIS
Notes to the course
Subject(s) Bachelor Programs
Day Date Time Room
Monday 11/08/21 01:00 PM - 03:30 PM Online-Einheit
Wednesday 11/10/21 02:00 PM - 04:00 PM Online-Einheit
Monday 11/15/21 01:00 PM - 03:30 PM Online-Einheit
Wednesday 11/17/21 02:00 PM - 04:00 PM Online-Einheit
Monday 11/22/21 01:00 PM - 03:30 PM Online-Einheit
Wednesday 11/24/21 02:00 PM - 04:00 PM Online-Einheit
Monday 11/29/21 01:00 PM - 03:30 PM Online-Einheit
Wednesday 12/01/21 02:00 PM - 04:00 PM Online-Einheit
Monday 12/06/21 01:00 PM - 03:30 PM Online-Einheit
Wednesday 12/15/21 02:00 PM - 04:00 PM Online-Einheit


This course focuses on the practice and application of quantitative empirical research. Students will learn and discuss which type of research questions are typically analyzed using quantitative methods. A selection of empirical quantitative methods is revised and discussed using exemplary studies. Methodologically, the course focuses on the following topics:

  • Data collection and operationalization
  • Survey research
  • Experiments
  • Observational data analysis
  • Regression discontinuities

Learning outcomes

The aim of this course is to deepen an understanding of empirical quantitative research. By the end of this course, students

  • understand the scope of application of quantitative research
  • have revised different quantitative research methods and understood their strengths and weaknesses
  • can distinguish research designs and critically question selected research designs, methods, or instruments
  • will be able to evaluate the validity of quantitative studies according to certain criteria
  • can identify und suggests steps how to reduce uncertainty of empirical findings in quantitative research

Attendance requirements

Examination-immanent courses (PI) have compulsory attendance. Attending at least 3 "live" sessions is necessary to complete the course.

"Live" sessions are scheduled for

  • Monday, Nov 8, 2021           (synchronous online session)
  • Wednesday, Nov 17, 2021   (synchronous online session)
  • Wednesday, Nov 24, 2021   (synchronous online session)
  • Wednesday, Dec 1, 2021     (presence session)
  • Wednesday, Dec 15, 2021   (presence session)

There are no compensation exercises for missed sessions.

Teaching/learning method(s)

Course structure

This course is planned as a hybrid course. The course consists of both presence sessions with rotation mode and online sessions.

In November, all sessions of the course will take place online. Synchronous / "live" online sessions are scheduled for Nov 8, Nov 17, and Nov 24. A link to the online session will be sent shortly beforehand. All other sessions, which are also labelled as "Online-Einheit" in the syllabus, are asynchronous. Asynchronous means that students receive self-study materials and tasks, which they can solve flexibly within a given time period of online session. Please note that for asynchronous sessions, times indicated in the syllabus do not apply! The time slot of asynchronous online sessions is typically open from Wednesday, 4pm, until Monday, 4pm.

In December, the course is planned with an asynchronous online session and presence sessions (Dec 1, Dec 15). In presence sesions, topics will be discussed interactively in the plenum. The attendance time in presence sessions is divided between two student groups. During the first 45 minutes of the unit, the first half of the students is present, during the second 45 minutes the second half.


Learning design

In this course, quantitative research designs will be discussed both theoretically and illustratively using published quantitative studies. For this purpose, the course will contain a brief theoretical revision of advantages and disadvantages of a selection of quantitative research designs. The focus of a typical course session will lie on discussing the practical implementation of a quantitative research design.

Readings and course material, which support students in solving these tasks, will be provided online. Towards the end of the course, students will apply their methodological understanding to selected quantitative studies in the form of a review. To deepen learning experience, students also have to discuss one review by fellow students.

Depending on the type of task in asynchronous online sessions (e.g. reading comprehension, quiz, or open question), feedback to students' solutions will be provided either as an automized text or discussed in depth in the next synchronous sessions. An online forum is available for communication during the course. Any question regarding online modules is typically answered within three working days.


Course performance will be evaluated based on the following 3 criteria:

  • Reflection exercises in preparation of presence or synchronous sessions (15 points)
  • Written essays during asynchronous sessions (45 points)
  • Presentation of review and discussion (40 points)


At the end of this course, points are converted to grades based on the following scale:

  • 90-100 Punkte: sehr gut
  • 80-89 Punkte: gut
  • 70-79 Punkte: befriedigend
  • 60-69 Punkte: genügend
Last edited: 2021-09-13