Recommendations for 21/22
Measures to prevent cheating
When creating an exam you can take certain precautions to make it harder to cheat or to commit academic fraud. Please inform your students if you take one or several of these measures:
- Complex tasks: Minimize the risk of students copying answers from each other by focusing on arguing a certain position and having them formulate answers in their own words. For example, complex questions that require the comparison of several facts are difficult to "google".
- Plagiarism check: It is essential that you use the plagiarism check for submissons as well as announcing to the students beforehand that all their submissions will be compared with each other and that identical text passages will be recognized.
- Limit time frames: The shorter the time frame in which assignments have to be completed, the less time there is for students to exchange ideas with others. Hence, if you do not want students to make full use of this opportunity, you should choose a shorter time frame. If you want to (almost) completely eliminate the possibility of interchange, it is advisable to create an exam at a fixed date.
- Short interviews after submission: For smaller courses, you have the possibility to combine the submission of assignments with a short discussion. This allows you to check randomly whether students have worked on their tasks on their own.
When creating an exam on MyLEARN with the application "Learning activities" you can take these following precautions:
- Proxy questions: Via a proxy question, students receive a random question from a predefined pool of closed question types.
- More sample exams: You can create more than one exam and assign them to certain students. Students only see the exam that is assigned to them.
- R-Package: For those who are familiar with R, you can use the R-Package "exams.mylearn" to generate randomised single- and multiple-choice questions in large quantities. This tool was developed at the WU Institute for Statistics & Mathematics and is an open source solution. You can find instructions here.
- Hide list of questions: When creating the sample exam, you can determine that the list of questions is hidden. As a result, students receive the questions sequenced and cannot select individual questions from a list.
- Uniform title of questions: You can give the questions the same title (e.g. "question" for each question). During the exam, the title will be displayed as a header for each question. A uniform title makes it difficult for students to identify the question easily and to exchange ideas about it.
- Not allow to edit submitted answers: Submitted answers cannot be addressed by students for editing afterwards.
NOTE! The use of this measure must be carefully considered. Students have to answer every question immediately and cannot get an overall view before anwering the questions. This is only suitable for equally weighted questions e.g. MC questions in a Sample Exam. For open-ended questions and Combined Questions, please choose the appropriate format.
- Shuffle answer alternatives: Shuffling makes it possible to show the answer alternatives in different order. This makes it more difficult to discuss the correct answer on the basis of the position of the alternative within a question.
- Shuffle questions: Shuffling of questions makes it possible to display the questions in different order. Thus, every student gets a varied sequence of questions.
Automated online supervision
Oral online examination
In an oral online examination, you can use the video camera to supervise the online examination. You should also observe whether the student's voice, facial expressions and gestures can be perceived realistically to ensure that the student is speaking him-/herself.
Written online examination
In the online exam environment, you have the option for an automated online supervision. Randomized images of the students, their screens and their audio are taken during the exam, which can be viewed by the exam coordinators after the end of the exam. These pictures can help to identify cheating during the exam. To be able to carry out the automated online supervision, students have to fulfill certain prerequisites. For more information for students, see the WU website.
Communication during the exam
For the communication during a written online exam you can use Microsoft Teams. Therefore, you can create a team with differen channels in Microsoft Teams. Using Microsoft Teams gives you the opportunity to reach the entire group of your students. You can make announcements that are visible for all students and students have the possibility to ask questions. For more information, see "How can I create a team in Microsoft Teams?".
If you have requested an online exam environment for your online exam, you will automatically be assigned an exam team that will help with communication during the exam.
Technical problems during the exam
During online exams, various technical problems may occur, such as internet failures but also individual hardware defects, etc.
If students report the termination of the examination due to technical problems and this is plausible enough, the examination cannot be assessed and the attempt does not count.
If you suspect that problems were caused by MyLEARN, you can send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please enter the following information about the examination:
- Date and time of the exam
- URL of the online exam environment
- Name or student ID of the students who reported the problem
For single students who had to terminate the examination because of technical difficulties, an individual solution should be found. For this, please contact the students.
For exams with online proctoring and more than 150 participating students, you have the option of technical support by an e-assistant during the exam.
This support can be provided from Monday to Friday until 18.00 at the latest. Outside these hours, no technical support or troubleshooting can be provided for the LEARN system.
If you need the support of an e-assistant, please write an e-mail to email@example.com and include the following information:
- URL address to the online exam or online exam environment
- Date of the online exam
- Period of assistance incl. preparation time
- Number of students
Viewing of exam documents
Upon request, grant the students access to the corrected exam documents. Students are generally entitled to view their corrected exam within 6 months. Conversely, this also means that the access does not need to be granted immediately and does not have to be made available to everyone as standard, but on request.